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Sep 272015
 
5,742 views

How to start a fire in the wild without matches

Let us continue our “being alone in the wild without necessary technological tools” scenario.

In our previous articles we’ve handled out drinking water and shelter problems. And now let’s find some efficient solutions in order to start a fire without a match or lighter.

How to start a fire in the wild without matches

Image credits: wikihow.com

In order to start a fire we can use laws of physics. According to physics, friction converts mechanical energy to heat energy. In normal conditions, technological tools try to minimize friction in order to get rid of energy loss. But, in order to start a fire, we should increase friction as much as possible.

Now we need a fire board and a wooden stick as a spindle. Both of them must be completely dry. Otherwise we can not be successful. Also we need some dry leaves, plant fibers, dried mosses which can ignite easily.

Lets make a tiny hole on the fire board and put some dry leaves around it. Our aim is to obtain an ember in the hole by spinning our spindle. We spin the spindle by using our both hands or by using a simple bow. (In the references part below, there are links to some detailed explanations with pictures.)

As another method, you can use flint stones to obtain a spark.

If you are in a sunny region you can use simple lenses or mirrors to start a fire. For example you can use the bottom part of a soda or beer can. (You can find all kinds of similar garbage wherever you go.) First polish it as possible as you can. Then place it suitably in order to obtain the reflection point of light on some easily flammable substance. (You find a video at: fire with a soda can.)

Of course, there are some other methods too. Also, you can invent your own method that fits in your condition. If you want, you can!

There are lots of synonyms for “to start a fire”. Some of them are as follows:

  • ignite
  • light
  • put a match to
  • set aflame
  • set fire to
  • set on fire

Controlling fire is one of the most important inventions of human kind. At first probably they were afraid of it. It was dangerous. But when they learned how to control it, it became a very important tool for them as a weapon and as a heating source.

In the next part. We will talk about foods in the wild.

Take care of yourself.

Ahmet Aksoy

New words: shelter, start a fire, spindle, ignite, ember, flammable

P.S. Please do remember that here we aim to improve our English. Maybe some or all of the above sentences or paragraphs might look you silly. If you think so, it might be better. Because you can remember extreme , absurd situations better. Read them and study new words and phrases.
Now I will advise you a new method: Re-write the above sentences with your own words and phrases. Protect the overall meaning, but change the words and/or their places in the sentences. By doing so, you will create many more new connections in your brain and remember better.

References:

Sep 242015
 
4,342 views

Let’s learn real English

Let's learn English

Most of the ESL learners suffer from being unable to speak fluently. Reading and understanding is much easier for them. Also they can understand most of the spoken words and phrases. However they lose their confidence suddenly when they have to talk. They are very slow and tedious while talking. They are afraid of making mistakes.

But this is not their own fault. Because, they were taught a rule-based English. So, the real mistake is made by the teaching system.

Now, a group of three native English speakers offers a new learning system especially for ESL learners to speak like a native speaker in six months.

They have seven simple rules:

Rule #1: Always learn English phrases instead of studying and memorizing single words.

Rule #2: Do not study grammar rules. (Most of the native speakers do not know grammar rules well but they can talk fluently.)

Rule #3: Listen first. (Learn first by your ears, not by your eyes.)

Rule #4: Learn deeply. (Create permanent links in the depths of your brain.)

Rule #5: Use point of view stories. (Tell the same story in different tenses, and from the point of view of different persons.)

Rule #6: Use real English materials.

Rule #7: Use listen and answer stories.

Their service is not free. They have a total of 30 sets which should be studied for six months. You can reach them from their web page at: www.learnrealenglish.com

You can also find some videos of the same group in youtube.

If you don’t want to purchase such a service, there are zillions of free sources on youtube.com.

For myself, I prefer free sharings. Maybe it takes some more time behaving like this, but I can learn different interesting methods and I don’t stuck to a single method.

If you can use it efficiently, internet is ready to service whatever you wanted.

Enjoy while you are learning. Watch movies, listen to and sing songs, read and write. Find a native English speaker to chat, or talk to him/her thru Google or skype.

Don’t be afraid of making mistakes. Because we learn better by our mistakes. So, never lose your confidence. If you want, you can obtain it.

Ahmet Aksoy

New words to learn: confidence, tedious

Sep 232015
 
4,218 views

13 Best Sci-Fi Movies to Watch

Do you like sci-fi movies? If you do, probably you will like the following list. The list is sorted by the production dates of movies from new to old.

13 Best Sci-Fi Movies to Watch

(2013) Her
Director: Spike Jonze
Starring: Joaquin Phoenix, Amy Adams, Scarlett Johansson
Imdb rating: 8.0

(2010) Inception
Director: Christopher Nolan
Starring: Leonardo DiCaprio, Joseph Gordon-Lewit, Ellen Page
Imdb rating: 8.8

(2009) Star Trek
Director: J.J. Abrams
Starring: Chris Pine, Zachary Quinto, Simon Pegg
Imdb rating: 8.0

(1999) Matrix
Director: Andy Wachowski, Lana Wachowski
Starring: Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne, Carrie-Anne
Imdb rating: 8.7

(1998) The Truman Show
Director: Peter Weir
Starring: Jim Carrey, Ed Harris, Laura Linney
Imdb rating: 8.1

(1995) Twelve Monkeys
Director: Terry Gilliam
Starring: Bruce Willis, Madeleine Stowe, Brad Pitt
Imdb rating: 8.1

(1991) Terminator 2: Judgement Day
Director: James Cameron
Starring: Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton, Edward Furlong
Imdb rating: 8.5

(1986) Aliens
Director: James Cameron
Starring: Sigourney Weaver, Michael Biehn, Carrie Henn
Imdb rating: 8.4

(1985-1990) Back to the Future Series
Director: Robert Zemeckis
Imdb rating: 8.5

(1984) The Terminator
Director: James Cameron
Starring: Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton, Michael Biehn
Imdb rating: 8.1

(1977 – 2017) Star Wars Series
Imdb rating: 8.7

(1979) Alien
Director: Ridley Scott
Starring: Sigourney Weaver, Tom Skerritt, John Hurt
Imdb rating: 8.5

(1968) 2001: A Space Odyssey
Director: Stanley Kubrick, Arthur C. Clarke
Starring: Keir Dullea, Gary Lockwood, William Sylvester
Imdb rating: 8.3

If you watch the original movies without any subtitles, it will improve your listening and understanding capabilities. Watch them more than once. Of course, subject is not limited to sci-fi movies; you can watch any movies you like. Movies reach your brain thru both visual and auditory perception.

Do you want to add any movies to the list?
Then comment below.

Ahmet Aksoy

New words to learn: sci-fi, auditory, perception

Sep 222015
 
4,975 views

I’ve got a cold

I've got cold

Image: http://usa.chinadaily.com.cn/

On yesterday evening I’ve got a cold. It happened in blink of time without an obvious reason.

The weather was not cold. There were no big temperature changes. I hadn’t met a foreigner. There were no ill person in my near circle.

It started with a high pitch sneeze. A few more sneezes followed it. Then a pain started in my throat that hurts me more and more as time passes. Gulping accompanied by a sharp pain. And my nose started to run.

I had a terrible night.

It was even worse in the following morning. I also had a headache. It was especially concentrated deep in the roots of my eyes.

EFT is a very effective method over pains. SO, after a few rounds, I could control my headache.

I don’t like to take pills. However my sore throat really affected me badly.

By EFT and acupuncture, I could only decrease my pain in the throat, but could not remove it completely.

On the afternoon I’ve given in and I’ve taken two pills.

Now I feel better.

My nose is still running. But the pain in my throat does not disturb me anymore.

Getting cold is a viral illness. So, there is no pills to recover from cold. In order to cure it, it is best to rest.

In my country there is a quote about cold:

“You will recover from cold in a week if you rest properly. Otherwise it takes seven days.”

So, take care of yourself!

Be far from all illnesses.

Ahmet Aksoy

Sep 202015
 
4,210 views

How to build a shelter in the wild?

How to build a shelter in the wild?Shelter

Image: wikihow.com

Without a knife or similar tool, it is very difficult bu build a shelter. If you have no such a tool then you should find some hard stones which have sharp edges. You can attach it to a wooden stick and tie it in place with some wood fibers. You have to make some trials to find a useful solution. (However, if you have bootlaces, you can use them either.)

Our ancestors in Stone Age, had been using such devices for hunting, building shelters and protecting their families. If we try, we can find much better solutions to invent some useful tools necessary to survive.

If we can find an empty cave which is large enough for us, it might be a wonderful solution. However we should check for predator droppings or similar traces around to be sure. Otherwise, we might be in danger. If possible we must close the entrance of the cave when we are inside. Some logs and large stones will be help us to do it.

Be sure that your shelter is not in a dry river bed. In case of a flood, you might be in a great risk.

If you couldn’t find a cave that can protect you, then you can build your own cave. For example you can dig a hole big enough, and cover on top of it with branches, leaves and earth. But, always let fresh air could be circulated in it.

If there are no predators around, you can create your shelter on the ground by branches and green leaves also.

Follow me.

Ahmet Aksoy

New words: shelter, Stone Age, predator, droppings, flood

P.S. The above series about wild life do not contain survival recipes. I only want to create an imaginary scene for you in order to remember the unknown words more easily.

References:

Sep 192015
 
4,488 views

How to find drinking water in the wild?

How to find drinking water in the wild?

Image Credits: bushcraftspirits.com

Investigate

  • Search around for a stream or a river. Flowing water generally is more clear. If possible, find traces of birds or animals. If they drink that water, you may drink also.
  • If you could not find a flowing water source, but find a water pool, then check if there exists any water insects in it. If there are, then you can drink it. However if you have a metal container, it is better to boil it first.
  • Rain is a very good water source. It is tasteless. But, it is clean, potable and easily collectible for later consumption if you have a container.
  • You can lick dew on green leaves early in the morning.
  • If it is very cold and you can find some snow or ice then you can eat them in order to fulfill your thirst. Of course, if you have a pot and fire, it is better to melt and boil it before drinking.
  • Never drink sea water, urine or any salty water. If you do so, you will increase dehydration of your body. So, never do it.
  • Follow the traces of animals. All animals know water resources in order to survive. They can lead you to that water source if you follow them.
  • Some plants contain water in their stems or roots. Check them.
  • Dig a hole on the ground if you are in a forest. Check if water seeps from the walls of the hole. Try it at different places.

Signs of wildlife that shows the existence of a nearby water source

  • Tracks
  • Feces
  • Mosquitos
  • Bees
  • Flies

Desalination
If you have only sea water or similar salty water, you should desalinate it before using.

The simplest method of desalination is to vaporizing and then condensing water. If you have a metallic container, you can boil salty water in it. While boiling, put a towel or similar cloth on top of the container and let it absorb vapor. Then you can squeeze the towel to obtain water drops, or you can suck it.

I will continue to write similar notes in my coming articles.

Follow me.

Ahmet Aksoy

New words: desalination, collectible

References:

Sep 142015
 
3,128 views

How can you survive without technology

How can you survive without technology

Photo: playbuzz.com

Modern human has forgotten basic vital details required in the natural environment. Especially people who live in mega-cities, know almost nothing about actual wild life.

Imagine that you are left alone on a deserted island after a ship accident. There is no wreckage on the shore. There are no human beings around. You have no technological devices. Nothing to eat. Nothing to drink…

How can you survive?

First, let us make a small list of minimal requirements:

  • A shelter to protect yourself against extreme atmospheric conditions and possible wild animal attacks
  • Drinkable water
  • Food
  • Fire
  • Collecting vegetables and fruits
  • Hunting
  • Something to wear when required
  • Hope to return back to your social and technological life

You can live maximum 3 days without drinking potable water. Otherwise dehydration will kill you. So, you must find drinkable water as soon as possible.

You might be hungry too. But you can resist hunger about three weeks. So it can wait. But thirst will not wait for a long time.

To find drinkable water you must search around. Here are some possible water resources:

Rain water might be collected in some small pools. That water might be tasteless, but it is clean. You can consume it.

If it is raining, you can collect raindrops using some large leaves. If you have a container, you can use leaves like a funnel to catch the water drops and direct them into the container.

I will continue to give you some more details in my coming posts.

In any case, take care of yourself. Human body is very sensitive, but it can also resist unbelievable extreme conditions. Be calm, and believe in yourself!

Follow my new posts.

Ahmet Aksoy

New words: vital, deserted, potable, funnel, dehydration

References:
http://www.survivenature.com/island.php
http://www.wikihow.com/Live-on-a-Deserted-Island
http://www.wikihow.com/Survive-on-a-Deserted-Island-With-Nothing

Sep 122015
 
2,766 views

Listen to songs to master English

Listen to songs to master English

Picture from: smashingtopten.com

Learning with songs is a very effective and amusing event. Rhythm and sound help memory processes creating a lot of extra electro-chemical links between brain cells. These synaptic connections between neurons (nerve cells) maintain long-term memory. Lyrics, poems with rhymes, and songs can be memorized easier, because they are a collection of some rhythmic and similar sounds.

http://www.esolcourses.com/topics/learn-english-with-songs.html is a very useful site for an ESL student. If you like, there are tons of interactive online lessons on the site. “Learning English with songs” is one of them.

But, do not limit yourself with the exercises. Listen to every type of songs which contain English lyrics. Try to sense the meaning. Do not force yourself to understand all of the words. Take it easy! Relax! Listen to the music.

When you catch the whole story, and want to grab more details; then you should search for the lyrics of the song on the internet. Check the words that you misunderstood or didn’t know the exact meaning. Study the words and the line structures. (In lyrics, there might be some grammatical mistakes. Be aware of them.)

If you can sing the song in a high volume, it will be very helpful for you to internalize the details.

Have fun!

Ahmet Aksoy

Sep 112015
 
2,457 views

Poetry is the heartbeat of a language

Poetry is the heartbeat of a language

Photo: pentagist.com

If you want to feel the inner rhymes of a language, you should listen to and read poems and poetical writings.

If you are an ESL student, and if you have not a language mentor then it might be best for you to listen to some poetry audio. https://archive.org/details/audio_poetry is a good and free audio source. You can download poetry files, and listen to them offline whenever you wanted.

http://www.audiobooktreasury.com/poetry-collection/ is also another free mp3 poetry source.

If you like visual poetry resources, youtube.com is in your service.

5 Poems by Robert Frost

“Alone” by Edgar Allan Poe

“Alone”
BY EDGAR ALLAN POE
From childhood’s hour I have not been
As others were—I have not seen
As others saw—I could not bring
My passions from a common spring—
From the same source I have not taken
My sorrow—I could not awaken
My heart to joy at the same tone—
And all I lov’d—I lov’d alone—
Then—in my childhood—in the dawn
Of a most stormy life—was drawn
From ev’ry depth of good and ill
The mystery which binds me still—
From the torrent, or the fountain—
From the red cliff of the mountain—
From the sun that ’round me roll’d
In its autumn tint of gold—
From the lightning in the sky
As it pass’d me flying by—
From the thunder, and the storm—
And the cloud that took the form
(When the rest of Heaven was blue)
Of a demon in my view—
Source: American Poetry: The Nineteenth Century (1993)

In order to improve your English, you must read poems regularly. Then you will fill the gaps between meanings of the words with feelings.

Ahmet Aksoy

Sep 092015
 
2,935 views

New murals in Kadikoy

There are two new murals on Sarraf Ali Sokak in Kadikoy.

One of them had been painted between 27 June and 4 July by the Turkish painter Cins. The following mural belongs to him:

New Murals in Kadikoy

Mural by Cins on Sarraf Ali Sokak

On the same street, a new mural had been completed by Aryz. His painting follows:

New murals in Kadikoy

Mural by Aryz


New murals in Kadikoy

Mural by Aryz

These murals are painted in the concept of Mural-Ist by Kadikoy Municipal. The activities of this year will be completed by the end of September.

Mural is an art that can be easily shared and accepted by people. It is an uprising against gray. They color the city walls and bring them to life.

I congratulate Kadikoy municipal for its efforts and supports, and I hope that these type of activities to be continued in larger areas and in better circumstances.

Ahmet Aksoy

PS: You can reach some other graffiti and murals in Kadikoy by clicking the following links: