Oct 062015

30 colors in English

30 colors in English

Image credits: wikipedia.org

Color is a function of light. When the frequency of light changes, it means that its color also shifts. Colors are ruled by law of physics.

Red objects are either reflecting red light, or permits penetration of it. The same rule applies for the other colors.

Leaves are green, because chlorophyll molecules reflect only green light and absorbs all other frequencies.

I’m sure you remember all of these details from your old good school days.

Now let’s talk about names of colors.

I made a list of 30 color names mostly used. There are lots of more, but 30 is also a quite good number for colors, especially for men.

As you know there are three basic colors: red, yellow, and blue. (However, in visual electronics red, green and blue are used in order to create other colors.)

Most color tones are in the blue family: navy blue, sky blue, turquoise, azure, teal, cyan. (You can add them dark blue and light blue.)

Green tones are lime and olive.

Red tones can be listed as maroon, rose, pink, and magenta.

Yellows are gold, amber and orange.

In violet group there are purple and indigo.

Here is the total list of 30 colors in alphabetic order:

  • amber
  • azure
  • beigebeige
  • black
  • blue
  • brown
  • cyan
  • fuchsia
  • gold
  • green
  • grey
  • indigo
  • lime
  • magenta
  • maroon
  • navy
  • olive
  • orange
  • peach
  • pink
  • purple
  • red
  • rose
  • silver
  • sky
  • teal
  • turquoise
  • violet
  • whitewhite
  • yellow

Maybe it is not very critical to know all these color tones perfectly. However, we should the names of them.

Ahmet Aksoy


Sep 232015

13 Best Sci-Fi Movies to Watch

Do you like sci-fi movies? If you do, probably you will like the following list. The list is sorted by the production dates of movies from new to old.

13 Best Sci-Fi Movies to Watch

(2013) Her
Director: Spike Jonze
Starring: Joaquin Phoenix, Amy Adams, Scarlett Johansson
Imdb rating: 8.0

(2010) Inception
Director: Christopher Nolan
Starring: Leonardo DiCaprio, Joseph Gordon-Lewit, Ellen Page
Imdb rating: 8.8

(2009) Star Trek
Director: J.J. Abrams
Starring: Chris Pine, Zachary Quinto, Simon Pegg
Imdb rating: 8.0

(1999) Matrix
Director: Andy Wachowski, Lana Wachowski
Starring: Keanu Reeves, Laurence Fishburne, Carrie-Anne
Imdb rating: 8.7

(1998) The Truman Show
Director: Peter Weir
Starring: Jim Carrey, Ed Harris, Laura Linney
Imdb rating: 8.1

(1995) Twelve Monkeys
Director: Terry Gilliam
Starring: Bruce Willis, Madeleine Stowe, Brad Pitt
Imdb rating: 8.1

(1991) Terminator 2: Judgement Day
Director: James Cameron
Starring: Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton, Edward Furlong
Imdb rating: 8.5

(1986) Aliens
Director: James Cameron
Starring: Sigourney Weaver, Michael Biehn, Carrie Henn
Imdb rating: 8.4

(1985-1990) Back to the Future Series
Director: Robert Zemeckis
Imdb rating: 8.5

(1984) The Terminator
Director: James Cameron
Starring: Arnold Schwarzenegger, Linda Hamilton, Michael Biehn
Imdb rating: 8.1

(1977 – 2017) Star Wars Series
Imdb rating: 8.7

(1979) Alien
Director: Ridley Scott
Starring: Sigourney Weaver, Tom Skerritt, John Hurt
Imdb rating: 8.5

(1968) 2001: A Space Odyssey
Director: Stanley Kubrick, Arthur C. Clarke
Starring: Keir Dullea, Gary Lockwood, William Sylvester
Imdb rating: 8.3

If you watch the original movies without any subtitles, it will improve your listening and understanding capabilities. Watch them more than once. Of course, subject is not limited to sci-fi movies; you can watch any movies you like. Movies reach your brain thru both visual and auditory perception.

Do you want to add any movies to the list?
Then comment below.

Ahmet Aksoy

New words to learn: sci-fi, auditory, perception

Sep 122015

Listen to songs to master English

Listen to songs to master English

Picture from: smashingtopten.com

Learning with songs is a very effective and amusing event. Rhythm and sound help memory processes creating a lot of extra electro-chemical links between brain cells. These synaptic connections between neurons (nerve cells) maintain long-term memory. Lyrics, poems with rhymes, and songs can be memorized easier, because they are a collection of some rhythmic and similar sounds.

http://www.esolcourses.com/topics/learn-english-with-songs.html is a very useful site for an ESL student. If you like, there are tons of interactive online lessons on the site. “Learning English with songs” is one of them.

But, do not limit yourself with the exercises. Listen to every type of songs which contain English lyrics. Try to sense the meaning. Do not force yourself to understand all of the words. Take it easy! Relax! Listen to the music.

When you catch the whole story, and want to grab more details; then you should search for the lyrics of the song on the internet. Check the words that you misunderstood or didn’t know the exact meaning. Study the words and the line structures. (In lyrics, there might be some grammatical mistakes. Be aware of them.)

If you can sing the song in a high volume, it will be very helpful for you to internalize the details.

Have fun!

Ahmet Aksoy

Sep 112015

Poetry is the heartbeat of a language

Poetry is the heartbeat of a language

Photo: pentagist.com

If you want to feel the inner rhymes of a language, you should listen to and read poems and poetical writings.

If you are an ESL student, and if you have not a language mentor then it might be best for you to listen to some poetry audio. https://archive.org/details/audio_poetry is a good and free audio source. You can download poetry files, and listen to them offline whenever you wanted.

http://www.audiobooktreasury.com/poetry-collection/ is also another free mp3 poetry source.

If you like visual poetry resources, youtube.com is in your service.

5 Poems by Robert Frost

“Alone” by Edgar Allan Poe

From childhood’s hour I have not been
As others were—I have not seen
As others saw—I could not bring
My passions from a common spring—
From the same source I have not taken
My sorrow—I could not awaken
My heart to joy at the same tone—
And all I lov’d—I lov’d alone—
Then—in my childhood—in the dawn
Of a most stormy life—was drawn
From ev’ry depth of good and ill
The mystery which binds me still—
From the torrent, or the fountain—
From the red cliff of the mountain—
From the sun that ’round me roll’d
In its autumn tint of gold—
From the lightning in the sky
As it pass’d me flying by—
From the thunder, and the storm—
And the cloud that took the form
(When the rest of Heaven was blue)
Of a demon in my view—
Source: American Poetry: The Nineteenth Century (1993)

In order to improve your English, you must read poems regularly. Then you will fill the gaps between meanings of the words with feelings.

Ahmet Aksoy

Sep 092015

New murals in Kadikoy

There are two new murals on Sarraf Ali Sokak in Kadikoy.

One of them had been painted between 27 June and 4 July by the Turkish painter Cins. The following mural belongs to him:

New Murals in Kadikoy

Mural by Cins on Sarraf Ali Sokak

On the same street, a new mural had been completed by Aryz. His painting follows:

New murals in Kadikoy

Mural by Aryz

New murals in Kadikoy

Mural by Aryz

These murals are painted in the concept of Mural-Ist by Kadikoy Municipal. The activities of this year will be completed by the end of September.

Mural is an art that can be easily shared and accepted by people. It is an uprising against gray. They color the city walls and bring them to life.

I congratulate Kadikoy municipal for its efforts and supports, and I hope that these type of activities to be continued in larger areas and in better circumstances.

Ahmet Aksoy

PS: You can reach some other graffiti and murals in Kadikoy by clicking the following links:

Sep 082015

Graffiti museum in Haydarpasa train station

Graffiti museum in Haydarpasa train station

Haydarpasa Train Station had been closed more than three years ago. Most of the rails are removed, but still there are many cars over there waiting silently.

These railroad cars are now shining like an artist’s canvas. There are hundreds of beautiful graffiti on the walls of these cars. They are smiling, laughing, screaming, swearing, cursing…

The following pictures might give you a general idea about these wonderful paintings. They are really marvelous. I hope they can be visited like an open museum.

Maybe one day I can take photographs of each graffiti in more detail.


Haydarpasa Train Station



Do you have similar graffiti in your territory? Would you like to share them with us?

Ahmet Aksoy

Aug 172015

Haiku are snapshots from nature

Haiku are snapshots from natureMaybe you’ve heard what haiku is. Maybe you write, or waiting a glorious time to start writing.

It is generally defined as the shortest form of poetry. It contains a maximum of 17 syllables. For some people that number is an upper boundary, and for some other it is an exact syllable count.

Haiku is a traditional Japanese poetry form. Its roots extend to the seventeenth century. It is a descendant form of tanka which has 31 syllables in 5 lines. The first 3 lines are named as hokku, and it is followed by two 7 syllable lines. Hokku’s lines contain 5, 7, and 5 syllables.

First haiku culture started with Basho who separated hokku from tanka as an independent poetry form.

The two important haiku poets who followed Basho, are Buson and Issa.

In the twentieth century, western poetry discovered haiku.

Now it is a popular form in modern poetry.

Haiku deals with nature. It is like a snapshot that freezes a moment. It is minimal. It does not try to tell what you feel. Instead, it paints a sketch for you to complete the required details in your mind.

Here are a few examples from me:

haiku 4
grass green —
a butterfly flaps its wings
a tornado starts

haiku 6
stars falling down
from the sky’s window —
mirror in water

There is another poem type which uses exactly the same form as haiku. It is called senryu.

Senryu too, has 3 lines containing a total of 17 syllables. However in senryu, you are not limited with the nature and the natural events. In senryu, you can write about people, even you can add yourself into the poem. You have no limitations in the context.

Here is a senryu example:
senryu 36
when the street is dry
you perceive no sound of tyre —
tyres are singing now

In the modern era, if you live in a cosmopolitan super-city, it is more likely to write senryu instead of haiku. I am doing so. Because the untouched, natural “nature” is very difficult to be found in the middle of the modern life.

Whether haiku, or senryu I bet you can write! You don’t have to be a famous poet. But, it is a very nice and practical way of expressing your feelings and thoughts in a few minutes.

You must give it a try! You will love it!

ahmet aksoy