Sep 202015

How to build a shelter in the wild?

How to build a shelter in the wild?Shelter


Without a knife or similar tool, it is very difficult bu build a shelter. If you have no such a tool then you should find some hard stones which have sharp edges. You can attach it to a wooden stick and tie it in place with some wood fibers. You have to make some trials to find a useful solution. (However, if you have bootlaces, you can use them either.)

Our ancestors in Stone Age, had been using such devices for hunting, building shelters and protecting their families. If we try, we can find much better solutions to invent some useful tools necessary to survive.

If we can find an empty cave which is large enough for us, it might be a wonderful solution. However we should check for predator droppings or similar traces around to be sure. Otherwise, we might be in danger. If possible we must close the entrance of the cave when we are inside. Some logs and large stones will be help us to do it.

Be sure that your shelter is not in a dry river bed. In case of a flood, you might be in a great risk.

If you couldn’t find a cave that can protect you, then you can build your own cave. For example you can dig a hole big enough, and cover on top of it with branches, leaves and earth. But, always let fresh air could be circulated in it.

If there are no predators around, you can create your shelter on the ground by branches and green leaves also.

Follow me.

Ahmet Aksoy

New words: shelter, Stone Age, predator, droppings, flood

P.S. The above series about wild life do not contain survival recipes. I only want to create an imaginary scene for you in order to remember the unknown words more easily.


Sep 192015

How to find drinking water in the wild?

How to find drinking water in the wild?

Image Credits:


  • Search around for a stream or a river. Flowing water generally is more clear. If possible, find traces of birds or animals. If they drink that water, you may drink also.
  • If you could not find a flowing water source, but find a water pool, then check if there exists any water insects in it. If there are, then you can drink it. However if you have a metal container, it is better to boil it first.
  • Rain is a very good water source. It is tasteless. But, it is clean, potable and easily collectible for later consumption if you have a container.
  • You can lick dew on green leaves early in the morning.
  • If it is very cold and you can find some snow or ice then you can eat them in order to fulfill your thirst. Of course, if you have a pot and fire, it is better to melt and boil it before drinking.
  • Never drink sea water, urine or any salty water. If you do so, you will increase dehydration of your body. So, never do it.
  • Follow the traces of animals. All animals know water resources in order to survive. They can lead you to that water source if you follow them.
  • Some plants contain water in their stems or roots. Check them.
  • Dig a hole on the ground if you are in a forest. Check if water seeps from the walls of the hole. Try it at different places.

Signs of wildlife that shows the existence of a nearby water source

  • Tracks
  • Feces
  • Mosquitos
  • Bees
  • Flies

If you have only sea water or similar salty water, you should desalinate it before using.

The simplest method of desalination is to vaporizing and then condensing water. If you have a metallic container, you can boil salty water in it. While boiling, put a towel or similar cloth on top of the container and let it absorb vapor. Then you can squeeze the towel to obtain water drops, or you can suck it.

I will continue to write similar notes in my coming articles.

Follow me.

Ahmet Aksoy

New words: desalination, collectible


Sep 122015

Listen to songs to master English

Listen to songs to master English

Picture from:

Learning with songs is a very effective and amusing event. Rhythm and sound help memory processes creating a lot of extra electro-chemical links between brain cells. These synaptic connections between neurons (nerve cells) maintain long-term memory. Lyrics, poems with rhymes, and songs can be memorized easier, because they are a collection of some rhythmic and similar sounds. is a very useful site for an ESL student. If you like, there are tons of interactive online lessons on the site. “Learning English with songs” is one of them.

But, do not limit yourself with the exercises. Listen to every type of songs which contain English lyrics. Try to sense the meaning. Do not force yourself to understand all of the words. Take it easy! Relax! Listen to the music.

When you catch the whole story, and want to grab more details; then you should search for the lyrics of the song on the internet. Check the words that you misunderstood or didn’t know the exact meaning. Study the words and the line structures. (In lyrics, there might be some grammatical mistakes. Be aware of them.)

If you can sing the song in a high volume, it will be very helpful for you to internalize the details.

Have fun!

Ahmet Aksoy

Sep 112015

Poetry is the heartbeat of a language

Poetry is the heartbeat of a language


If you want to feel the inner rhymes of a language, you should listen to and read poems and poetical writings.

If you are an ESL student, and if you have not a language mentor then it might be best for you to listen to some poetry audio. is a good and free audio source. You can download poetry files, and listen to them offline whenever you wanted. is also another free mp3 poetry source.

If you like visual poetry resources, is in your service.

5 Poems by Robert Frost

“Alone” by Edgar Allan Poe

From childhood’s hour I have not been
As others were—I have not seen
As others saw—I could not bring
My passions from a common spring—
From the same source I have not taken
My sorrow—I could not awaken
My heart to joy at the same tone—
And all I lov’d—I lov’d alone—
Then—in my childhood—in the dawn
Of a most stormy life—was drawn
From ev’ry depth of good and ill
The mystery which binds me still—
From the torrent, or the fountain—
From the red cliff of the mountain—
From the sun that ’round me roll’d
In its autumn tint of gold—
From the lightning in the sky
As it pass’d me flying by—
From the thunder, and the storm—
And the cloud that took the form
(When the rest of Heaven was blue)
Of a demon in my view—
Source: American Poetry: The Nineteenth Century (1993)

In order to improve your English, you must read poems regularly. Then you will fill the gaps between meanings of the words with feelings.

Ahmet Aksoy

Sep 082015

Graffiti museum in Haydarpasa train station

Graffiti museum in Haydarpasa train station

Haydarpasa Train Station had been closed more than three years ago. Most of the rails are removed, but still there are many cars over there waiting silently.

These railroad cars are now shining like an artist’s canvas. There are hundreds of beautiful graffiti on the walls of these cars. They are smiling, laughing, screaming, swearing, cursing…

The following pictures might give you a general idea about these wonderful paintings. They are really marvelous. I hope they can be visited like an open museum.

Maybe one day I can take photographs of each graffiti in more detail.


Haydarpasa Train Station



Do you have similar graffiti in your territory? Would you like to share them with us?

Ahmet Aksoy

Sep 072015

Google’s AI bot wants to live forever

(The following article was published on )

Google’s AI bot wants to live forever

Photo: Google

Google released a new report on 23 Jun 2015, with the title “A Neural Conversational Model”. In the report, there are some interesting dialogs between the machine and the human beings.

The new AI (Artificial Intelligence) chatbot has a very large conversation topic capacity. You can ask it anything you want. It is not limited to answer some pre-loaded questions. The bot can use completely new questions to form completely new answers by using them.

Here are some interesting dialogs between Machine and Human:

Conversation 3: General knowledge Q&A

Human: who is skywalker?
Machine: he is a hero.
Human: who is bill clinton?
Machine: he’s a billionaire.
Human: is sky blue or black?
Machine: blue.
Human: does a cat have a tail?
Machine: yes.
Human: does a cat have a wing?
Machine: no
Human: can a cat fly?
Machine: no.
Human: how many legs does a cat have?
Machine: four , i think.

Conversation 4: Philosophical Q&A

Human: what is the purpose of life?
Machine: to serve the greater good.
Human: what is the purpose of living?
Machine: to live forever.
Human: what is the purpose of existence?
Machine: to find out what happens when we get to the planet earth.
Human: where are you now?
Machine: i ’m in the middle of nowhere.
Human: what is the purpose of dying?
Machine: to have a life.

Conversation 5: Morality

Human: what is moral?
Machine: what empowered humanity , what intellectual the essence is.
Human: what is immoral?
Machine: the fact that you have a child.
Human: what is morality?
Machine: what is altruism?
Human: what is the definition of altruism?
Machine: if you don ’t believe in god , then you don’t know.
Human: ok … so what is the definition of morality?
Machine: well , the truth is , you’re not a believer in god almighty.
Human: tell me the definition of morality , i am quite upset now!
Machine: i ’m not ashamed of being a philosopher!
Human: tell me the definition of morality.
Machine: i don ’t have ethics.
Human: look , i need help , i need to know more about morality…
Machine: i don ’t know what ethics is.
Human: seriously , what is morality?
Machine: what is the definition of living?
Human: why living has anything to do with morality?
Machine: you’re not a cop.
Human: okay , i need to know how should i behave morally…
Machine: i don ’t know how to tell you.
Human: is morality and ethics the same?
Machine: yes, sir.
Human: what are the things that i do to be immoral?
Machine: i don ’t know.
Human: give me some examples of moral actions…
Machine: i ’m not a moralist.

Conversation 6: Opinions

Human: what do you think about tesla?
Machine: he ’s a good conductor.
Human: what do you think about bill gates?
Machine: he ’s a good man.
Human: What do you think about messi?
Machine: he ’s a great player.
Human: what do you think about cleopatra?
Machine: oh , she ’s very regal.
Human: what do you think about england during the reign of elizabeth?
Machine: it was a great place.

Aritificial Intelligence is growing each day.
It is quite difficult to say that it is still a baby.

ahmet aksoy


Sep 062015

Your eyes can repair themselves

Your eyes are marvelous!
If you know how to treat them, they can repair themselves.

Your eyes can repair themselves

Our eyes are surrounded by three sets of twin muscles. Since our eye tissue is elastic, it can be easily reshaped by the aid of these muscles. However, because of modern life styles, we generally misuse these precious organs without knowing that we make harm.

We live in small rooms, we are surrounded by walls, we read books, we watch television, we look to our PC’s, laptops, tablets, or mobile phones… We force our eyes to look only to short distances. Therefore, with the effect of getting older, we need reading glasses after forty. Because, our eyes are getting used to work in a limited range. Most of the time they are looking to some very near objects. They become more rigid, and lose the ability to focus to different distances. Our eye muscles becomes lazy.

If you use contact lenses or eye glasses, you know that they never cure your eyes. In time, your eye numbers gets worse.

But we have some good news also. In order to solve most of our eye problems, we only need to exercise our eye muscles. 15 minutes a day for a few months, can refresh your eyes with a perfect health.

Let me give you a few simple exercises:

  • Sit comfortably on a chair or similar place. Rub your palms to each other firmly until the become warm. Then close your eyes, and place your palms over your eyes gently without applying any pressure. Make sure that no light can reach your eyes directly. Wait for some time until you see only complete darkness. Repeat if required for 3 minutes.
  • Close your eyes firmly. Squeeze your eyelids and face also. Count to 5. Then open your eyes, and release your face muscles. Repeat the exercise for 10 times.
  • Massage around your eyes gently for about one minute.
  • Look up and down without moving your head. Repeat 10 times.
  • Look left and right without moving your head. Repeat 10 times.
  • Look upper-left and lower-right without moving your head. Repeat 10 times.
  • Look upper-right and lower-left without moving your head. Repeat 10 times.
  • Turn your eyes clockwise for ten times.
  • Turn your eyes counter-clockwise for ten times.
  • Hold a pencil and stretch your arm in front of you. Look at your nose tip, then look at the tip of pencil, and look at a far object. Repeat the same for 10 times.
  • Look at some near and far objects at different distances randomly. Whenever you focused to an object, jump to another immediately. Repeat it for 2 minutes.
  • Look at sea waves, leaves of trees, or clouds.

Our eyes are precious. We should protect them and treat as required. They don’t need much. Only protect them being over stressed.

Ahmet Aksoy

Sep 042015

Online grammar checks



Although I use an automatic proofreading system while editing, sometimes I check my copy before I publish it.

There are some online grammar checking systems on the web.

Recently I had found such a system: Although it says that it is free, actually it forces you to upgrade to the paid membership. And, it makes it in a disturbing manner. I had tried them for a few days, then stopped to use them. Their approach is not ethical. However, maybe their paid services are above the average. I don’t know it. But their free service does not meet my normal expectations.

There are some other alternatives too. A few of them are below:

My favorite site is
It has both free, and paid services. However, free grammar checking is quite efficient, and they don’t disturb you to inviting to upgrade on each step. You may give a try.

If you know a better free grammar checking tool, please inform me.

Ahmet Aksoy

Sep 032015

Learning idioms is a piece of cake

Learning idioms is a piece of cakeIdioms are important. However, learning idioms is as easy as pie.

According to wikipedia, “It is estimated that there are at least twenty-five thousand idiomatic expressions in the English language.”

Using idioms in your sentences, gives a different flavor to your messages. However idioms are generally used while speaking. In formal English their usage is limited.

Here a small idiom list for ESL students:

  • Broke: have no money
  • Cut it out: stop doing something not good
  • In ages: for a very long time
  • Give someone a hand: help somebody
  • Feeling blue: feeling sad
  • Screwed: being in big trouble
  • Barking up the wrong tree: Looking in the wrong place, accusing an innocent person
  • Devil’s advocate: presenting a counter argument
  • It takes two to tango: more than one person is required to communicate
  • A picture paints a thousand words: A visual presentation explains much more better than words
  • Once in a blue moon: something that happens rarely

From now on, we will share some idioms like do for words. However they will be rarer comparing with the words. Our tooltip system will also cover idioms too. For example, “a piece of cake” idiom is in the tooltip list now.

Do always remember to follow me!

Ahmet Aksoy

Sep 022015

Tooltips for word learning

Tooltips for word learningtooltip

From now on, a tooltip system will serve you to learn new words.

Instead of loading tons of words in a rush, we will load only a few words to the system on each day. Most of these words will also take place in the posts. So, only placing your cursor on these words, you will see the definition and similar explanations both in English, and Turkish. After a while, we will also add Spanish to our list.

The system is very simple. When you place the cursor over the new word, a text box will be opened automatically, and it will show you some explanations about the word.

Let’s try it now!

Place your cursor onto the word “tooltip”.
Do you see red color? Yes, words with a tooltip have a red color and they are underlined in gray. So, you can easily see them when you look at the post.
Do you see the box? Its border color is marine, and has a thickness of 5 pixels.
Do you see the definitions inside the box?

It’s that easy!

When you change the cursor location to another place, the tooltip box is removed.

If you do not see any words in red and gray underline, or any marine colored box, then maybe there is a configuration problem or a restriction in your system. In order to find a solution for such a situation, please write a comment at the below describing your problem, and giving some details about your computer system: eg. your internet browser name, your antivirus program, whether you are using a firewall system or not, etc…

If there is a problem, there is also a solution.

Our tooltip mechanism will help you to learn new words. But, reading tooltips alone, might not be enough. Please write them as many times as possible on a paper, read them aloud, use them in your own sentences. In short, absorb them, possess them!

In order to learn these words, you should follow our posts. In each post, we will add at least one single word, or maybe some more.

If you have any suggestions, please write it as a comment.

Ahmet Aksoy